James Madison University

Jobs and Economic Development Impact

(JEDI) Study

The Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) models were developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

The JEDI model is used to estimate the economic impacts of constructing and operating power plants, fuel production facilities and other projects at the local, state or regional level. JEDI models exist for the following fuel sources and facilities:

  • Onshore and Offshore Wind
  • Biofuels
  • Solar
  • Natural Gas
  • Coal
  • Marine and Hydrokinetic
  • Geothermal
  • Petroleum
  • Transmission Lines

The default inputs can be used or you can enter your own project-specific inputs into JEDI to estimate the number of jobs and economic impacts that can be supported by the power plant or facility. JEDI outputs are total jobs supported, earnings (wages and salary) and output (value of production), and these are further divided into different categories. You can learn more about the Offshore Wind JEDI model by referring to the User Reference Guide. Models are publically available for download.

Why Use JEDI?

The offshore wind JEDI model is a simple and easy to use tool that can allow you to create your own scenarios and offshore wind projects and observe the magnitude of jobs and economic output supported by these projects. It is very important for you to remember the limitations of the JEDI model:

  • The results of analysis are meant to be estimates and are not precise predictions.
  • JEDI does consider possible negative impacts that could occur to other industries, and so the results are gross and not net.

Regional Offshore JEDI Studies

Offshore wind energy is a major opportunity to provide clean, stable-priced energy using a domestic renewable resource while supporting local jobs and economic development. Many states along the Atlantic Coast are competing to become the leaders of this industry. While competition is good to drive down costs, a coordinated regional approach could realize the full potential of the industry. Some of the benefits include:

  • Reduction of taxpayer impacts by spreading costs across a wider base
  • The ability to share lessons learned
  • Coordination of research, resource assessment and environmental studies
  • Expansion of the scope of transmission integration analysis
  • Allocation of resources based on comparative strengths
  • Collaborative procurement could reduce the cost of energy

In the summer of 2012, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory sponsored four regional offshore wind JEDI studies in order to test and refine the JEDI model. The CWE was tasked with beta-testing the offshore JEDI model for the Southeast Region in 2012 (DOE Factsheet) and the Mid-Atlantic Region in 2013 (DOE Factsheet). The scope of the projects were to develop a number of realistic and justifiable scenarios for how the offshore wind industry could look like from 2020 until 2030 and to apply JEDI analysis to these scenarios.